Have you ever considered how much the design and style of a home’s roof influences its overall appearance? What would a typical home look like without a thatched or stone roof? Would the Sydney Opera House be readily identified if it did not have its famous winged shell roof?
Choosing a roof is much more crucial than selecting siding, window treatments, or landscaping. Changes to a building’s construction and covering materials have an impact on its overall look.
The slope, as well as the intersection of planes and angles, are critical components of roofing design. Then, choose the appropriate roofing material to add texture, patterns, color, and other aesthetic elements.
8 Popular Roofing Styles
1. Gable Roof
A gable roof has two sloping roof planes that meet at the top to create a ridge in its most basic form. The roof is an A-shape triangle, the most common kind. A small loft apartment may be easily accommodated in the space underneath it.
Gable roof variations include clipped, cross, side, and Dutch gable roofs.
- Clipped Gable: the top peak is bent inward to create a flat hip at the end
- Cross Gable: two or more intersecting gable rooflines that flow with the house’s structure
- Dutch Gable: combines gables and hips, usually with a gable sitting on top of a roof hip
Ideal Gable Roof Materials:
- Asphalt Shingles
- Clay or Concrete
- Almost any other
This is a classic example of a barn’s roof. With a short top slope connected to a steeper bottom slope, it’s basically a two-sided roof.
Windows might be added to the steep top slope to let in additional light. The outcome is an ideal living area on top of a gambrel roof.
Ideal Gambrel Roof Materials:
- Wood shake or shingles
- Synthetic shingles
3. Hip Roof
The ridge of a hip roof is formed by four sloped sides that meet at the crest. Unlike gables or gambrel roofs, this does not have a level siding face The home’s pyramid-shaped roof is completely constructed of roofing material.
For homes that don’t have a gable roof, hip roofs are often the only option.
The second most common form of roof is this one. As a result, hip roofs are more complicated to build than gable roofs.
Ideal Hip Roof Materials:
- Slate or Stone
- Clay or Concrete
A mansard roof is a hybrid of the hip and gambrel roof styles. Two sloping planes, one flat and the other curved, may be found on each of the four sides of the cube.
Which has its origins in France and offers a charming old-world feel to residences.
Ideal Mansard Roof Materials:
- Synthetic and other
A shed roof is a single, sloping flat roof. You may either use a shed roof on its own or combine it with other types of roofs, such as flat surfaces or sloped roofs. This is best suited to contemporary building styles.
Ideal Shed-Style Roofing Materials:
A jerkinhead roof combines hip and gable characteristics into a complex architectural style. Jerkinhead may seem strange, yet it has been used for roofing since the 15th century.
Sturdy and timeless, these roofs are a great addition to any home. In churches, Craftsman cottages, and Queen Anne-style homes, it may be found.
Ideal Jerkinhead Materials:
A butterfly roof has two sloping sides that curve downward to the center of the house. It’s a popular architectural style that flips the usual roofing form.
These roofs are perfect for allowing plenty of light and ventilation. Butterfly roofs designed in colder areas, on the other hand, must have enough central support to withstand heavy snow or water loads.
Ideal Butterfly Roof Materials:
8. Low Slope or Flat
The look and feel of flat roofs are both utilitarian. They may, nevertheless, provide a contemporary feel to residential properties.
This kind of roof is often used in conjunction with hip roofs. Rooftops may also be supported by these structures.
deal Low or Flat Roof Materials:
- Rolled roofing (MSR) – only suitable for low slope, not flat
- Rubber roofing membrane
A Quick Guide to 10 Commonly Used Roofing Materials
1. Asphalt Shingles
Asphalt shingles are long-lasting, energy-efficient, and suitable for practically any climate or weather conditions. These shingles are also a traditional choice for a roof, making them suitable for a wide range of architectural styles.
There are few, if any, flaws in asphalt. However, some types are better suited to certain geographical locations than others.
There are two types of asphalt shingles:
· Organic: asphalt-soaked felt or cellulose material is compressed and coated in a final asphalt or ceramic layer
· Fiberglass: glass fibers are soaked in asphalt and compressed, then coated in a final asphalt or ceramic layer
Organic asphalt shingles are more resistant to algae, more durable, and better suited to cold, harsh conditions. They are, however, rather heavy and more expensive.
Fiberglass asphalt shingles are more resistant to fire and heat than organic shingles. They’re also lighter and less expensive.
Asphalt shingles come in three styles, giving very different appearances.
- Strip or 3-Tab Shingles: the cheapest option gives a basic, traditional flat shingle appearance
- Dimensional or Architectural or Laminated: two or more asphalt layers are layered together, looking more like wood or slate
- Luxury or Premium: made of asphalt blended with other materials, for a weighty and natural appearance
These types are available in a wide range of colors and patterns from various manufacturers. This roofing material is available in a wide variety of styles.
2. Clay Tiles
Molding clay and baking it under high pressure are the processes used to produce roof tiles. Clay tiles are inherently resistant against fire, wind, and weather damage, and they also endure a long time (as in hundreds of years long).
Clay tiles are no longer limited to terracotta because of the wide range of colors and forms available.
Clay Tile Pros:
- Low maintenance and durable
- Eco-friendly material
- Lasts long enough to make a higher initial cost worth it in certain cases
- Naturally energy efficient
- Doesn’t rot or decay
- Impervious to insect infestations
- Recyclable after use
- Doesn’t absorb much water
- Maintains its color
Clay Tile Drawbacks:
- Can cost around $10 to $12 per square foot, more for fancy options like terracotta
- Heavy enough to be expensive to ship
- Too heavy for certain roofing structures or houses
- Prone to cracking in cold weather
- Brittle and impact vulnerable
- Tricky to install
- Can’t be used on all roof slopes
3. Concrete Tiles
Concrete tiling, like clay tiling, is a viable option. This material is a combination of sand, cement, and water that has been molded and baked under high pressure.
Concrete Tiling Pros:
- Fire and wind resistant
- Comes in different sloping styles
- Can simulate other materials
- Quite inexpensive
Concrete Tiling Cons:
- Pigments and surface paint fade over time
- Concrete absorbs water unless protected, leading to mold, mildew, and algae
- Easily damaged on impact
- The underlayment will need replacing before the tiling does
4. Metal Roofing
Metal roofs are no longer just used in industrial settings. There are several residential-style options available, and these goods are gaining popularity.
Tin, aluminum, zinc, steel, or corrugated metals may be used to construct metal roofs.
The majority are still offered in sheets, but with patterns that provide visual appeal. Some are wavy or angular, giving the appearance of individual tiling. Others are more sleek, architectural, and crisp.
Metal Roofing Pros:
- Snow, ice, and rain slip right down
- Can last 50 years and up
- Very lightweight, only 1 to 3 pounds per square foot
- As quiet as shingles when installed correctly
- Eco-friendly made from recycled material and able to be recycled post-use
- Can go on low pitches
Metal Roofing Cons:
- Can’t be used on flat pitches
- Can dent on impact
5. Stone-Coated Steel
Stone-coated steel blends the strength and durability of metal with the classic style of real stone. It’s an excellent way to enhance the aesthetic of a home without raising the cost.
This roofing material comes in shingles, wood shake, clay tile, barrel tile, and traditional-looking shingles.
Stone-Coated Steel Pros:
- Far lighter than solid stone
- More energy-efficient than asphalt
- Around the same price as metal roofing
Stone-Coated Steel Cons:
- More expensive than asphalt
- Paint coating eventually wears off
- Installing on high-pitched roofs can be difficult
6. Slate Tiles or Shingles
Slate shingles or tiles are fully formed of natural, quarried stone, with no mixing, binding, or stacking.
Slate has a refined, elegant look, making it a popular option for executive and high-end homes.
Slate roofing is made from either hard or soft slate varieties.
- Lasts 75 to 200 years
- Colored slates are usually hard
- Lasts 50 to 125 years
- Black colored slates are usually soft
Slate Roofing Pros:
- Virtually impervious to moisture
- Fireproof and heat resistant
- Can be recycled and reused
- Insect and pest impervious
- Elegant aesthetic
Slate Roofing Cons:
- Extremely heavy
- Can be brittle and impact vulnerable
- Difficult to install and requires an expert roofer
- Premium material with a premium price
- No material warranty since it’s a natural product
7. Wood Shake and Shingles
Wood shakes are thicker, rougher in texture, uneven, and seem more rustic. Thinner, smoother, and more uniform wood shingles provide a more polished look.
Because it is moisture-resistant, rot-resistant, and abundantly accessible, cedar is the best wood roofing material. Redwood, teak, and pine are among more options.
Wood Roofing Pros:
- Last up to 30 years
- Biodegradable and renewable
- Thicker wood shake is more durable
- Natural insulation that balances the home’s temperature
- Performs well in cold and warm weather
Wood Roofing Cons:
- Can discolor
- Vulnerable to pests without treatment
- Inherently vulnerable to fire
Graining on wood roofing tiles is classified into three types: edge, flat, and slash. Edge grain is the most durable, so choose this option if you want a wood roof. Avoid slash grain at all costs since it is the least durable and of poor quality.
8. Synthetic or Composite Shingles
Synthetic shingles resemble slate, wood, or clay shingles but are lighter and need less maintenance. Recycled materials, natural-synthetic mixtures, or man-made polymers are used to make composite shingles.
Other synthetic asphalt options that are granule-free and perform better are available.
Synthetic Shingle Pros:
- Mimics just about any other roofing material
- Can last up to 100 years
- Can be made with ultraviolet inhibitors
- Can be built storm resistant
- Imitation clay or terracotta can be used in cold climates
Synthetic Shingle Cons:
- Pricier than standard asphalt shingles
- Fire rating and storm resistance can vary
Synthetics vary in quality. It’s all about the manufacturer with this option, so choose one with a strong reputation. In this circumstance, it’s a good idea to seek assistance from a professional roofer.
9. Rubber Slate
The slate effect can be obtained totally from lighter recycled rubber and plastic. Rubber slate is an intriguing synthetic solution that resembles (or is almost identical to) natural slate.
Rubber Slate Pros:
- Great for complex roof structures with many plane intersections
- Lasts up to 100 years
- Lighter than asphalt and slate
- Great weather performance
- Hail and impact resistant
- Absorbs ultraviolet rays without deteriorating
Rubber Slate Cons:
- More expensive to install than asphalt
- Easily damaged by fires
- Limited color options
- Can smell like tires when first installed
Rubber slate is a durable, recyclable material that is as tough as tires. It is, however, not inherently fire-resistant, has a disagreeable odor at first, and is not suited for many homes.
This slate option might be excellent if you want to help divert tires from landfills. Otherwise, check into alternate synthetics.
10. Rolled Roofing (MSR)
Rolled roofing is an asphalt-based material with a mineral surface that comes in a roll. It is rarely utilized for residential homes alone, but it can be advantageous if the roof has flatter areas.
Rolled Roofing Pros:
- Very inexpensive
- Easy to transport and install
- Ideal for low-sloped roofs
Rolled Roofing Cons:
- Unattractive enough to be banned by some HOAs
- Only lasts 5 to 8 years
- Less durable than shingles
Find Your Perfect Roof
The roof accounts for 40% of a home’s visible space. It can also provide significantly more visual interest than the outside walls, siding, and windows.
Want to make your house a showpiece and outperform your neighbors in terms of curb appeal? Choose the best architectural roofing design and top it off with an enhanced roofing product.
Contact Canopy Roof and Solar for a look into the latest roofing styles, tips on what manufacturers can really deliver, and consultation on what’s appropriate for your home’s structure.